Pajamas or pyjamas, typically shortened to PJs, jimmies, jimjams, jimmyjams or jammies, can confer with quite a few related varieties of apparel originating with the Indian subcontinent. Pajamas are unfastened-fitting clothes derived from the first garment and worn mainly for sleeping,[one] but sometimes also for lounging, also by each sexes. A lot more normally, pajamas may possibly seek advice from various clothes, for both of those daywear and nightwear, derived from traditional pajamas and involving variations of style and material.
The term pyjama [four] was borrowed c. 1800 with the Hindustani pāy-jāma (پاجامہ, पाजामा), alone borrowed from Persian pāy-jāmeh پايجامه lit. 'leg-garment'.[five] The original pyjāmā are loose, lightweight trousers fitted with drawstring waistbands worn by Muslims in India and adopted by Europeans in the course of East India Business rule in India.
The worldwide use of pajamas (the term as well as garment) is the results of adoption by British colonists in India from the 18th and nineteenth hundreds of years, as well as the British influence on the wider Western world during the Victorian period. Pajamas were released to England as "lounging attire" as early because the seventeenth century, then referred to as mogul's breeches (Beaumont and Fletcher) but they before long fell outside of vogue. The phrase pajama (as pai jamahs, Paee-jams and variants) is recorded in English use in the initial fifty percent from the nineteenth century. They didn't turn into a style in Britain and also the Western world as sleeping apparel for guys till the Victorian period, from about 1870.[nine]
Hobson-Jobson: A Glossary of Colloquial Anglo-Indian Terms and Phrases (1886) summarizes the state of usage at some time (s.v. "pyjammas"):
This type of garment is used by various folks in India e.g. by Gals of varied classes, by Sikh Adult males, and many by Mohammedans of each sexes. It absolutely was adopted with the Mohammedans by Europeans as an posting of dishabille and of night time attire, and is particularly synonymous with Very long Drawers, Shulwaurs, and Mogul-Breeches [...] It truly is probable that we English took the practice just like a good lots of Other folks in the Portuguese. Thus Pyrard (c. 1610) claims, in speaking of Goa Healthcare facility: zenske pidzame "Ils ont power calsons sans quoy ne couchent iamais les Portugais des Indes" [...] The word has become Utilized in London retailers. A friend furnishes the subsequent reminiscence: "The late Mr. B—, tailor in Jermyn Road, some on forty several years ago, in reply to a matter why pyjammas had toes sewn on to them (as was at times the situation with Individuals furnished by London outfitters) answered: "I believe, Sir, it can be due to the White Ants."[ten]
Common pajamas include a jacket-and-trousers mixture product of delicate cloth, including flannel or light-weight cotton. The jacket ingredient typically has a placket front and its sleeves haven't any cuffs. Lots of individuals choose to slumber or lounge in just the pajama trousers, possibly having a t-shirt, or, for males, barechested. This is why, pajama pants for guys and boys are often marketed as separates.
In colloquial speech, these common pajamas are frequently termed PJs, jim jams, or jammies. In South Asia and South Africa, they are occasionally referred to as night fits.
Some pajamas feature a drop seat (generally known as a trap door or butt flap): a buttoned opening during the seat, made to enable the wearer to conveniently utilize a toilet. Drop seats were being very common on pajamas created ahead of the 1950s, but while in the early 20-initial century These are rather uncommon.
Present-day pajamas are derived from conventional pajamas. There are several variations in design for example shorter sleeve pajamas, pajama bottoms of various duration,[sixteen] or, on occasion, a single-piece pajamas,[seventeen] and pajamas incorporating several materials. Chiefly inside the US, extend-knit rest apparel with rib-knit trimmings are frequent. Normally worn by little ones, these clothes often have pullover zenske pidzame tops (if two-piece) or have zippers down the fronts (if 1-piece), and can also be footed.
Despite the fact that pajamas tend to be distinguished from non-bifurcated sleeping clothes such as nightgowns, within the US, they've often provided the latter for a major. Babydoll pyjamas Have got a kind of short dress leading more than shorts or quick pants.
Pajamas might right now consult with Girls's blend daywear, particularly in the US the place they grew to become common while in the early twentieth century, consisting of limited-sleeved or sleeveless blouses and light-weight pants. Examples of these consist of capri pajamas, beach pajamas, and hostess pajamas.